Mystery of Carbon


July 8-11, 2024 | Munich, Germany

Mystery of Carbon


July 8-11, 2024 | Munich, Germany










The abundance of Carbon coupled with its remarkable chemistry make the element unique and essential to life and the universe. Carbon atoms exhibit enormous flexibility in the way they bond and form material complexes. The objective of this conference is to show the wealth of possibilities that carbon can generate, and emphasize some key points and unravel the new science that carbon synthesis has uncovered . In engineering technology, in particular those involved in searching for applications of quantum phenomena. Carbon has given rise to astonishing new structures and has lead to many great dazzling discoveries . One of the greatest breakthroughs came with Potassium K3C60 electron doped fullerenes which exhibited superconductivity up to 40K. This was an amazing achievement which went above all expectations, and which gave H Kroto the Nobel prize even though the complete understanding of the mechanism has to our knowledge not yet been reached. Another major success was scored earlier in the 1970’s by the work of the Santa Barbara group under Alan Heeger . They showed that trans-Polyacetylene PA could be considered to be a quasi-one-dimensional Polymer, and that the material (and many others of this type ) could be “n and p” doped. Su, Schrieffer and Heeger predicted that theoretically, undoped PA should constitute a Peierls semiconductor In other words a semiconductor where the energy gap forms as a result of a collective relaxation of the back bone into an alternating “short- long” (or long -short) carbon bond structure Doping then causes a semiconducting to metal transition which is not just purely an electronic transition, but a structural transition as well. Here the alternating bond length changes partially back into the “ normally to be expected” (disregarding lattice relaxation ) same bond length structure . This novel and collective interplay between lattice and electronic structure also gives rise to very excting new types of elementary excitations known as “Polarons and Solitons”. The work on conjugated polymers and applications then eventually gave Alan Heeger the Nobel Prize in the year 2000 . The most recent and perhaps one of the most promising discoveries from the point of view of material engineering and applications is the isolation (exfoliation) of graphene sheets from Graphite. This truly amazing discovery has made it possible to make 2D dimensional pristine monolayer “metallic” materials. Structural mechanical strengths are proving extremely valuable in fields such as civil engineering, aircraft and car manufacturing. Geim and Novoselov were awarded the Nobel Prize in 2010..The suspended form of graphene also exhibited a high electron mobility ( 100.000 cm2 s-1) providing nanotechnology a new category of field effect transistor and sensors. Not all facets and combinations of properties (example: solar cells, thermal and sound conductivity rectification and insulation ), have been investigated. The potential is enormous, and the development of these fields is of great value to the manufacturing, building and automotive and transport industries . This conference will offers a succinct introduction to the synthesis of carbon materials, their allotropes and the impact these have had on developmental science. By providing a uniquely encompassing and interlinked overview of carbon science, this conference will aids in the understanding the importance of carbon and how little we know about this mysterious but prevalent atom.

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Conference Chair

Manijeh Razeghi
Manijeh Razeghi

Walter P. Murphy Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Director, Center for Quantum Devices, McCormick School of Engineering, Northwestern University, USA

Key Topics of Carbon Materials Conference

  • Computational modeling of carbon materials.
  • Physical and chemical modification of carbon materials.
  • Carbon nanotubes, fullerenes and polyacenes.
  • Carbon foams, structural graphite and graphene.
  • Carbon-based polymers, fibers and composites.
  • Quantum technology based on carbon materials.
  • Production of advanced carbon materials from bio-waste.
  • Two-dimensional metal dichalcogenides and their electronic structures.
  • Energy harvesting and storage based on diamond and carbon materials.
  • Characteristics of carbon materials under temperature, pressure and magnetic field.
  • Carbon and Diamond devices for power electronics, optoelectronics and sensors.